Understanding ADHD part 3
So going to https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/adhd/what-is-adhd I want to shed a little light on the different types of ADHD that people present with. There are primarily three types of ADHD that people get diagnosed with. These are inattentive type, hyperactive/impulsive type or combined type. Now what makes these types so different? I mean ADHD is ADHD, right? No, there are different symptoms for each type of diagnosis.
Inattentive ADHD symptoms list out as:
- Doesn’t pay close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in school or job tasks.
- Has problems staying focused on tasks or activities, such as during lectures, conversations, or long reading.
- Does not seem to listen when spoken to (i.e., seems to be elsewhere).
- Does not follow through on instructions and doesn’t complete schoolwork, chores, or job duties (may start tasks but quickly loses focus).
- Has problems organizing tasks and work (for instance, does not manage time well; has messy, disorganized work; misses deadlines).
- Avoids or dislikes tasks that require sustained mental effort, such as preparing reports and completing forms.
- Often loses things needed for tasks or daily life, such as school papers, books, keys, wallet, cell phone and eyeglasses.
- Is easily distracted.
- Forgets daily tasks, such as doing chores and running errands. Older teens and adults may forget to return phone calls, pay bills, and keep appointments.
Next is Hyperactive/Impulsive:
- Fidgets with or taps hands or feet, or squirms in seat.
- Not able to stay seated (in classroom, workplace).
- Runs about or climbs where it is inappropriate.
- Unable to play or do leisure activities quietly.
- Always “on the go,” as if driven by a motor.
- Talks too much.
- Blurts out an answer before a question has been finished (for instance may finish people’s sentences, can’t wait to speak in conversations).
- Has difficulty waiting his or her turn, such as while waiting in line.
- Interrupts or intrudes on others (for instance, cuts into conversations, games or activities, or starts using other people’s things without permission). Older teens and adults may take over what others are doing.
Now the final type is a combination of both of the above types. I personally fall under the Combined Type due to many factors. I show about three characteristics from the Inattentive type, and three or four from the Hyperactive/Impulsive Type. These are issues that I deal with on a daily basis, and sometimes have to actively force myself to push past them. At a young age, I was mentally unable to push past these issues, therefore I got in trouble quite often in school. At a younger age, I showed more of the Inattentive type symptoms than I do today. As an adult I show more symptoms of the Hyperactive/Impulsive type.
Now, just because you have a person around you that exhibits some of these traits, does not necessarily mean they should be labeled as ADHD. There is an actual rating scale that doctors use to diagnose a person with ADHD. To be more specific, there are SIX rating scales that the doctors use. Four of these are used specifically for children and two are used for adults. Each scale has a set of questions attached, and how a person answers these questions determines how they rate on that particular scale.
Stay tuned for the final Part: